The modern flag of Brazil was adopted in 1889 and its distinctive graphic design has become one of the most identifiable flags internationally. What’s not so well known are the many flag  designs that were proposed and ultimately rejected. Some of these are striking in how radically different  they are compared to the current national flag. One such proposed design idea is below and was a project of writer Julio Ribeiro. Though rejected as the national flag of Brazil, it was adopted as the state flag of Sao Paulo.